About Guinea Pigs

Guinea Pigs are mammals which belong to the rodent family and have a large head, short legs and a small, stocky body.
About Guinea Pigs

Guinea Pigs are mammals which belong to the rodent family that have large incisor teeth that continually grow necessitating gnawing to prevent the teeth from overgrowing. The word ‘rodent’ is derived from the latin word ‘rodere’ which means ‘to gnaw’.

Guinea Pigs form the Family Caviidae which includes the capybara and is broken down into different Genera and then Species. There are 8 species of guinea pigs but only one, Cavia porcellus, is widely kept as a pet.

Guinea Pigs are descended from wild guinea pigs that live in burrows in mountain and grassland areas in South America, where they are used for food.

Guinea Pigs are herbivores (plant eating) animals and have a large head, short legs and a small, stocky body.

There are 8 species of guinea pigs. Check out our list with common name, scientific name and alternative names for each species of guinea pig

There are 8 species of guinea pig and these are listed below.

Common Name

Scientific Name

Alternative Names

Domestic Guinea Pig Cavia porcellus
Cavia anolaimae
Cavia aperea
Cavia fulgida
Cavia guianae
Cavia magna
Cavia nana
Cavia tschudii